Sanliurfa, or “Urfa” as the locals call it, is one of the oldest inhabited regions on Earth. It was the birthplace of agriculture and home to civilizations predating agriculture, this is evidenced by Göbekli Tepe, a 12,000-year-old temple northeast of the city.



2,170,110 (2022)



Sanliurfa is a city located in southeastern Turkey, close to the Syrian border. It is an ancient city, believed to be the birthplace of the prophet Abraham and other Biblical figures, and is an important centre of Islamic culture and history.

The city is home to several important archaeological sites, including the ruins of the ancient city of Edessa, which was the capital of the ancient Kingdom of Osroene. Sanliurfa is also known for its vibrant culture, with several traditional festivals and events held throughout the year.

The city is known for its unique cuisine, which includes dishes such as Kabak dolma (stuffed squash) and köfte (meatballs). Sanliurfa is a popular tourist destination, with its history, culture, and archaeological sites all drawing visitors from around the world.

Data and Facts

Sanliurfa, Turkey, is an ancient city with a long and fascinating history. Located in southeastern Anatolia, it is believed to have been founded by the Hurrians in 2000 BC. It has been the site of many important historical events throughout the centuries.

The city was conquered by the Assyrians in the 8th century BC and renamed Urbalu. It then fell to the Babylonians and was later conquered by the Persian Empire in 539 BC. It was then occupied by Alexander the Great in 333 BC, who rebuilt it and renamed it “Edessa”.

In the 1st century BC, Edessa was conquered by the Romans, who renamed it Orrhoea. During the Byzantine period, it became an important religious centre and was the site of many important religious events. It was in this period that the legend of Abraham and his sacrifice of his son Ishmael was said to have taken place. In the 11th century, the city was conquered by the Seljuk Turks, who called it “Sanliurfa”, meaning “Noble Urfa”. During the Ottoman Period, it served as an important cultural and religious centre and was home to many renowned scholars.

Sanliurfa has also been the site of many significant political events. During the First World War, it served as the headquarters of the Ottoman Army’s Sixth Army Corps. After the war, it was the site of the founding of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, and the first National Assembly meeting was held here.

Today, Sanliurfa is a vibrant and culturally rich city, and its rich history is still evident in the many monuments, ancient ruins, and other sites of historical importance. Its long and illustrious history is a testament to the city’s importance in the region.


It has been an important settlement since antiquity, and its modern urban development reflects its ancient past.

The city is believed to have been founded by the Assyrians in the 10th century BCE, and it has served as an important stop along the Silk Road for centuries. It was once the capital of the Kingdom of Edessa, and it was an important centre for the Syriac Orthodox Church.

Throughout its long history, Sanliurfa has been an important centre of administration and governance. The city was an important administrative centre under the Ottoman Empire, and it was an important regional capital for the Ottoman governors.

It was also an important centre of trade and commerce, and it was a centre of Islamic culture and learning. During the 20th century, the city was a major hub of industry and commerce, and it was the site of many important government institutions and educational facilities.

Today, Sanliurfa is a vibrant city with an impressive cultural heritage, and it is home to many important historical and archaeological sites. The city is an important part of the region’s economy, and it is a popular destination for tourists. Centre for education and research, and it is home to several universities.


The economy of Sanliurfa Turkey is driven by the city’s agricultural sector, which provides the majority of employment for the region’s population. The production of wheat, maize, cotton, rice, pulses, fruits and vegetables is the backbone of the city’s economy. Fishing, livestock and dairy production are also important economic activities.

Sanliurfa has developed a strong manufacturing sector in recent years, with the establishment of several industrial zones. Major industries include textiles, food processing, chemicals, machinery, leather, plastics and automotive parts. The city is also home to many important trading and logistics companies.

Sanliurfa’s strategic location near the Turkish-Syrian border has made it an attractive destination for foreign investment and trade. The city is home to many foreign companies that have set up distribution centres and warehouses in the area. The city’s tourism industry is also growing rapidly, with many visitors attracted by its historic sites, natural beauty and cultural attractions. ?anl?urfa is home to numerous archaeological sites, including the famous Göbekli Tepe.

The city is also home to a growing number of universities and research institutions, which have helped to create a knowledge-based economy. ?anl?urfa is also a major transportation hub, connecting both domestic and international destinations. The city is served by two international airports, an extensive road network and a number of rail lines.


It is located at the crossroads of ancient civilizations and has a long and rich history in both cultural and economic terms. In modern times, Sanliurfa has been a major hub of agricultural production, especially in the region's major crops, such as cotton, and also in livestock.

The city is also home to a number of factories, including a sugar refinery and a paper mill. The city has also become an important centre for the production of furniture and other goods and is home to numerous small businesses.

The city has also become a major tourist destination, due to its rich cultural heritage, as well as its proximity to important archaeological sites, such as the ruins of ancient Edessa, the birthplace of Abraham, and the famous Göbekli Tepe. This has contributed to an increase in the city's economy, as well as in its population.

Government Type
Presidential representative democracy and a constitutional republic within a pluriform multi-party system
• Total Area
18,765 km²
Time Zone
Area Code
Postal Code
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