Osmaniye lies at the centre of a rich agricultural region watered by the Ceyhan river and known for growing peanuts



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Osmaniye is a city located in the south of Turkey, near the city of Adana. Osmaniye is known for its rich history, having been inhabited since the Hittite period. There are many sites of historical interest in the city, including the remains of the ancient city of Samanda? and the Ottoman-era castle of Kastabala.

Osmaniye is situated in an agricultural region, and the major industries in the city are agriculture, textiles, and food processing. The city is well-connected, with a major highway connecting it to the larger cities of Adana and Mersin. The city has a moderate climate, with temperatures ranging from hot in the summer to cool in the winter. It is known for its green spaces, parks, and gardens. One of the most popular attractions in the city is the Osmaniye Nature Park, which covers an area of 1,200 hectares and features lush greenery, wildlife, and recreational activities.

Osmaniye is home to several universities and is a popular destination for students from all over the world. The city is also known for its vibrant nightlife and cultural events, with many galleries, theatres, and live music venues.

Data and Facts

Since ancient times, the city has been a centre of trade, culture, and politics in the region and has a rich history that dates back to the ancient Hittite and Assyrian civilizations. Osmaniye, situated in the Taurus Mountains, was once an important trading centre due to its strategic location at the crossroads between Anatolia and Syria.

In the early 16th century, the city became a part of the Ottoman Empire and was used as a base for the Ottoman military campaigns in Syria. During this time, Osmaniye was a centre of commerce and a place of great religious importance, with many mosques and shrines scattered throughout the city.

Osmaniye is also known for its role in the Turkish War of Independence. During the late 19th century, the city was a major stronghold for the Turkish revolutionaries who fought against the ruling Ottoman Empire. In 1920, Osmaniye was the site of the Battle of Osmaniye, which saw the Turkish revolutionaries defeat the Ottomans and led to the eventual formation of the Republic of Turkey. Osmaniye is also known for its role in the Turkish Civil War. During this time, the city served as a base for the Turkish Nationalists who fought against the Greek forces. The city was eventually captured by the Greek forces and was later restored to Turkey in 1923 after the Treaty of Lausanne.

Today, Osmaniye is a modern city that is a centre of trade, industry, and culture. The city is home to a number of historic sites and monuments, including the Old Cathedral, the Osmaniye Castle, and the Osmaniye Mosque. Osmaniye is also home to one of the largest universities in the region, Anadolu University, which provides education to thousands of students each year.


Administratively, it is a province of the Republic of Turkey. Osmaniye is known for its agricultural lands, abundant water resources, and its strategic position between the Mediterranean and the Middle East.

The provincial government of Osmaniye is responsible for the governance of the city and its surrounding areas. It is composed of a governor and a provincial council, both of which are elected by the citizens of Osmaniye. 

The governor is responsible for the overall management of the province, and the provincial council is responsible for the legislative and executive powers of the province. The city of Osmaniye is divided into several districts, each with its own mayor and local council. These local councils are responsible for the local administration of the city. The mayor is responsible for the overall management of the city and its various districts. The local council is responsible for the formulation and implementation of local policies, as well as the provision of public services.


The economy of Osmaniye is based on agricultural production and small-scale industry and services. Agriculture is the main source of income for the city's economy. The main crops are cotton, cereals, vegetables, fruits, olives, tobacco and citrus fruits. Livestock, including cattle, sheep and goats, is also raised in the region. Osmaniye is a major producer of cotton and is the largest producer and exporter of the commodity in Turkey. The city also produces a significant amount of olive oil and olive-related products, as well as processed foods.

Osmaniye is also known for its manufacturing sector, which is responsible for about a third of the city’s economic output. Manufacturing activities include textile production, leather goods, metal products, furniture, and construction materials. The city also has a large service sector, which includes banking, real estate, tourism, and transportation.


The infrastructure of Osmaniye, Turkey is quite diverse and well-developed. The city is served by three airports. The Osmaniye Airport is the most important of the three, with international connections to other Turkish cities and other parts of Europe. The other two airports are smaller regional airports.

Public transportation in Osmaniye is also well-developed. The city has a bus network, operated by the municipality. The network covers the city and its suburbs and connects to other cities in the region. The city also has a railway station, connecting the city to nearby Adana. Osmaniye also has a well-developed road network. The main motorways connecting the city are the D400 and the D400E. Other smaller roads also connect the city to its suburbs and other nearby cities.

There are several hospitals in the city, with both public and private options. The public hospitals are run by the municipality, while the private ones are owned by private companies or individuals. Communication is also well-developed, with both mobile and landline telecommunication options. There are several internet providers in the city, providing both broadband and wireless connections.

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• Total Area
3,124 km²
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