Kilis is fertile, producing olives, grapes, and pistachio nuts. The town's major industries are silk and cotton manufacture.



147,919 (2022)



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Kilis is a city located in southeastern Turkey, on the border with Syria. The city is known for its warm climate, beautiful scenery, and its strategic location. Kilis has a long history, dating back to the Hittites who controlled the area in the late Bronze Age. It has also been ruled by the Assyrians, Persians, Romans, Byzantines, and Ottomans. The modern city was founded in the 16th century by the Ottomans and has since become an important trading hub.

The city is known for its local cuisine, which features dishes such as kabak cicegi, a dish of zucchini stuffed with meat and spices, and kofte, a minced-meat dish served with rice. The local economy is mainly based on agriculture and small-scale industry, as well as tourism. Kilis also has a number of cultural sites such as the Kilis Castle, the 16th-century Ottoman Mosque, and the Turkish-style bazaar. 

 Kilis has become an important transit point for Syrians fleeing the country’s civil war, and the city’s population has almost doubled since 2011. The influx of refugees has put a strain on the local infrastructure and economy; however, the local government has been doing its best to ensure refugees have access to basic services. Kilis is an interesting and vibrant city with a unique blend of cultures, and it is well worth a visit for anyone looking for an authentic Turkish experience.

Data and Facts

Throughout the centuries, Kilis has experienced many significant historical events that shaped the city and the region. In the 15th century, the Ottoman Empire conquered Kilis, making it part of their new empire. In the 19th century, Kilis was heavily damaged during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878. In World War I, the city was occupied by the French and British forces and became a major base for the Allied powers. During World War II, Kilis was occupied by German forces and was the site of several battles. In the 1960s, Kilis experienced a wave of immigration from nearby Syria, in part due to the political unrest in the region. This led to the formation of a large Syrian-Kilisian population in the city.

Kilis was heavily damaged during the Syrian Civil War in 2012 when the city was occupied by rebel forces. In 2015, the city was the site of a deadly suicide bombing that left over 50 people dead and many more injured. In the aftermath of the attack, the Turkish government implemented security measures in Kilis, including the installation of surveillance cameras and checkpoints.

Today, Kilis is a thriving city that is home to a diverse population of people from Turkey, Syria, and other countries. Despite the violence and destruction of the past, Kilis is a peaceful and vibrant place to live.


Kilis is a city in south-central Turkey and an administrative centre of Kilis Province. It is located on the northern edge of the Syrian border. The population of the city is around 72,000 people. There are several ethnic groups in the city, including Arabs, Kurds, and Turks, among others.

Kilis is governed by the Kilis Governorship, which is part of the Ministry of Interior. The governorship is responsible for the executive, judicial, and legislative functions in the province. The governorship consists of the Governor, Deputy Governor, and their respective staff, as well as the Provincial Council, which is composed of the representatives of the local population. The Governor is responsible for the overall governance of the province and is appointed by the Turkish President. The Deputy Governor is responsible for day-to-day operations and reports to the Governor. The Provincial Council is composed of representatives from each district in the province and is responsible for local affairs.

The Province of Kilis is divided into 10 districts, each headed by a District Governor. The District Governors are appointed by the Governor and are responsible for the daily operations of their respective districts. They are also responsible for the enforcement of national and local laws.


Agriculture is the mainstay of the Kilis economy. The city is known for its production of wheat, barley, sunflowers, and cotton. Other agricultural products grown in the area include tomatoes, onions, and figs. The city is also home to several livestock farms, including sheep, cattle, and poultry.

Industry in Kilis is mainly focused on textiles, leather goods, and food processing. The local industry also produces metal products and plastic products. The city is also home to many small businesses that specialize in local crafts such as pottery, carpets, and jewellery.

Tourism is also an important part of the Kilis economy. The city is known for its Ottoman-era architecture, ancient monuments, and its location near the Syrian border. Tourists come to visit the nearby ruins of Dara, the ancient city of Aleppo, and the city of Kilis. Visitors also come to explore the nearby historical sites and monuments, including the ancient city of Hierapolis.


The main road network in Kilis is made up of two highways: the D-300, which links the province to other parts of Turkey and the M4, which connects it with Aleppo in Syria. The provincial capital, Kilis, is served by the Elazig-Kilis Airport, which offers domestic flights to various cities in Turkey and international flights to some European cities. The city also has a railway station that connects it with other parts of the country.

Kilis has a well-developed public transportation system. The city is served by several bus routes, as well as a metro system. The metro system is served by three lines: the Kilis-Kiziltepe line, the Kilis-Gaziantep line, and the Kilis-Kerimli line. The city also has a comprehensive network of taxis, which provide a convenient and reliable means of transportation for locals and tourists alike.

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