The city has long been famous for its gold and silver filigree work. Tigris University in Diyarbak?r was founded in 1966 as a branch of Ankara University and acquired independent status in 1973. Diyarbakir is linked by air and railroad with Ankara, and the region has a well-developed road network.



1,804,880 (2022)


Ali Ihsan SU

Mayor name


Diyarbakir is the largest city in southeast Turkey and is located in the Kurdish region of the country. It is the administrative centre of Diyarbakir Province and has a population of over 1.8 million people. The city is known for its rich history, vibrant culture and unique architecture.

Diyarbakir is the site of numerous archaeological and cultural sites including the Diyarbakir Fortress, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The fortress dates back to the Roman period and was expanded during the Ottoman Empire. It is now a popular tourist attraction and includes a museum, a mosque, and a number of old buildings. The city is also home to several important religious sites including the Ulu Mosque and the Great Mosque of Diyarbakir. Both are beautiful examples of Islamic architecture and are popular tourist destinations.

Diyarbakir is known for its vibrant cultural scene, with a variety of music, art, and theatre venues. Additionally, Diyarbakir hosts numerous festivals throughout the year, including the International Music Festival, which attracts performers from around the world.

The city is also home to a number of universities and colleges, including the University of Diyarbakir and the University of Dicle. Diyarbakir is an important economic centre in the region, with a range of industries, including manufacturing, agriculture, and textiles.

Data and Facts

Diyarbakir, in southeastern Turkey, is the fourth-largest city in the country and the largest in the predominantly Kurdish region of eastern Anatolia. It has a long history, dating back to the Assyrian Empire, and has been an important regional centre for centuries.

The city's strategic location at the crossroads of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers has made it a target of many rulers and empires throughout its history. Under the rule of the Assyrian Empire, Diyarbakir was an important centre of commerce and military power. During the Roman period, the city was known as Amida and was a key stop along the Silk Road. In the 7th century, Diyarbakir came under Islamic rule, and the city was an important centre of the Abbasid Caliphate.

In the early 10th century, the city was conquered by the Seljuks and came under the rule of the Sultanate of Rum. During this period, the city flourished as an important trading centre on the Silk Road. The city was also the site of a major battle between the Seljuks and the Crusaders in 1098.

Diyarbakir was also the site of several major battles during the Ottoman Empire. In 1515, the city was captured by the Ottomans, who held it until the early 20th century. During this period, the city was a major centre for the Ottoman military, and it was the site of several important battles. In 1920, the city was occupied by the French, and it became part of the Republic of Turkey in 1923.

Diyarbakir is an important centre of Kurdish culture and politics, and it has been the site of numerous protests in recent years. The city also has a long history of political and religious unrest, which has led to several instances of violent clashes between the Turkish military and Kurdish groups. Despite this, the city remains an important regional centre and is a popular tourist destination.


Diyarbakir is the seat of the Diyarbakir Provincial Administration, which is responsible for the delivery of public services to the people of the province.

The provincial administration is divided into six departments: the Governor's Office, the Department of Public Works and Transportation, the Department of Education and Culture, the Department of Health, the Department of Social Services, and the Department of Security. The Governor's Office is responsible for the administration of the province, while the Department of Public Works and Transportation is responsible for the maintenance and development of public infrastructure.

The Department of Education and Culture is responsible for the delivery of education, culture, and cultural activities in the province. The Department of Health is responsible for the health care services for the people of the province. The Department of Social Services is responsible for welfare, social work, and other social services. The Department of Security is responsible for the safety and security of the citizens of the province.


Diyarbakir is a major economic centre in the region and is home to a variety of industries such as agriculture, textiles, and manufacturing. The city also serves as a major transportation hub and is connected to the rest of Turkey by rail, road, and air.

The economy of Diyarbakir is largely driven by the agricultural sector. The city is one of the biggest producers of cotton in Turkey and also produces a wide variety of fruits and vegetables. A number of food processing companies are located in the city, and Diyarbakir is also the home of several textile factories. Additionally, there are numerous small-scale businesses in the city that provide services such as auto repair, construction, and computer repair.

The city also has a growing tourism industry and is home to numerous historical sites and monuments. The city is also a popular destination for business travellers due to its strategic location and modern infrastructure. In recent years, the city has become a major hub for technology and is home to numerous IT companies.


The city's infrastructure is largely modern and well-developed. Diyarbakir has a well-maintained network of roads and highways, which connect the city to other parts of Turkey and beyond. The city also has an international airport, the Diyarbakir Airport, which serves domestic and international flights.

The city has an extensive public transportation system that includes buses and taxis, which make it easy to get around. In addition, the city is served by two major railway lines, the Diyarbakir-Kahramanmara? and the Diyarbakir-Mardin Lines, both of which connect it to other parts of Turkey.

Diyarbakir also has a well-developed telecommunications infrastructure. It is served by several mobile phone networks, including Turkcell and Vodafone, as well as numerous fixed-line and internet providers. The city also has an advanced fibre-optic network, which is used for data transmission and other needs.

Diyarbakir is also served by an extensive water supply network, which provides clean water for drinking and other needs. The city is also home to several power plants, which generate electricity for the city and its suburbs.

Southeastern Anatolia
Government Type
Unitary state under a presidential representative democracy and a constitutional republic within a pluriform multi-party system
• Total Area
15,058 km²
Time Zone
Area Code
Postal Code
Back to the listing

action Türkiye is a technology-based platform that aims to drive awareness, news, sentiment, data, and resources to enable the redevelopment of the regions and cities affected by the earthquake.

Follow us
Powered by

Copyright 2023 © actionTürkiye powered by ztudium