It is a centre of the Turkish cotton industry and manufactures textiles, cement, agricultural machinery, and vegetable oils.



2,274,106 (2022)



Mayor name


Adana is a city located in the southern region of Turkey, near the Mediterranean Sea. It is the fourth largest city in Turkey and the capital of the Adana Province. It is known for its rich cultural heritage, vibrant nightlife, and delicious cuisine. Historically, Adana has been a major centre for agriculture and trade. It is located on the ancient Silk Road and has been a major transit point for goods coming from the Middle East, the Caucasus, and the Black Sea region.

Adana has an incredibly diverse population, with large populations of Turks, Armenians, Kurds, and Arabs, as well as a small but growing population of Europeans. It is home to many religious and cultural sites, including the Great Mosque of Adana, the Armenian Church of the Holy Cross, and the Greek Orthodox Church of St. George.

Adana is also known for its cuisine, which includes traditional dishes like Adana kebab, yarak sarma, and sütlac. Adana is also known for its unique culture, which includes traditional music, dance, and theatre.

Data and Facts

Adana is a city in southern Turkey that has a long and rich history. It has been inhabited since the Neolithic age and has seen many civilizations come and go. The area has been an important trading centre since ancient times, as it lies at the crossroads of the Mediterranean, Mesopotamia, and Anatolia. As a result, it has seen numerous historical events take place.

The first recorded event in Adana's history was in the 14th century BC when the Hittite Empire conquered the city. Adana then became part of the Assyrian Empire in the 9th century BC and was then conquered by the Persians in 525 BC. In 333 BC, Alexander the Great took the city and it was ruled by the Seleucid Empire until 64 BC when it was conquered by the Romans.

Adana was then ruled by the Byzantine Empire from 395 AD until 1071 when it was conquered by the Seljuks. In 1299, the city was taken by the Mamluks of Egypt and then in 1516, it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire. Adana then became an important centre of commerce and culture in the Ottoman Empire.

The city also has a place in modern Turkish history, as it was the site of a major battle in 1921 during the Turkish War of Independence. In this battle, the Turkish forces led by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk defeated the French, British, and Greek forces. This victory was instrumental in the establishment of the modern Turkish state.

Today, Adana is still an important economic and cultural centre. It is home to numerous historical monuments and sites, as well as bustling markets and lively nightlife and great cuisine.


The city is governed by a metropolitan municipality, composed of 30 districts. The local government is responsible for providing public services such as education, health care, public transportation, and waste management. It is also responsible for the protection of the environment and the preservation of cultural heritage.

Adana is an important industrial and commercial centre in Turkey, with a large agricultural and industrial base. 


It is one of the most important ports in the country, connecting the country to the Middle East and Europe. Adana's economy is mainly driven by its agricultural sector. The city is known for its production of sunflowers, cotton, and hazelnuts.

The city also has a significant industrial sector, with a number of factories and petrochemical plants. Adana produces a wide range of products, from textiles and food processing to machinery and engineering.

The city is also a major centre for manufacturing, with several automotive and aerospace companies located in the region. Aldana is also home to a number of important business and financial institutions, including the Adana Stock Exchange. Adana is a major centre for trade and tourism, with a variety of restaurants, bars, and shops.


Adana's infrastructure is modern and well-developed. It has a strong transportation network that includes an extensive highway system, an airport, a railway station, and a port. The city's modern transportation infrastructure makes it easy to access nearby cities and other major cities in Turkey. The city also boasts an efficient public transportation system that includes buses, minibuses, and trams.

Adana is home to numerous universities, research institutes, and some of the most advanced medical facilities in the country. It is also known for its cultural and educational offerings, including museums, libraries, art galleries, and historical sites. As well, the city has a reliable and efficient energy grid that provides electricity, natural gas, and district heating to the city. The city also has a modern waste management system, with numerous waste recycling centres.

Adana's infrastructure is constantly being improved to enhance economic growth and development. It is a great place to live and work, with a high quality of life.

Seyhan, Yüregir, Çukurova, Sar?çam and Karaisal?
Government Type
Semi-democratic provincial governing body that has three organs; Provincial Parliament, Governor and the Encümen
• Total Area
13,915 km²
Time Zone
Area Code
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